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Lower 1

Lower 1 follows the Shaoyin Kidney Channel on the medial side of the leg and is located 3 cun above the medial malleolus, close to the internal border of tendocalcaneus and close to Fuliu (KI 7).

Lower Body Conditions in Region 1

  • Abdominal: upper abdominal pain, periumbilical pain, stomach pain [a], gallbladder pain [a], lower abdominal pain [a], epigastric pain [b], irritable bowel syndrome [b]
  • Urinary: nocturnal enuresis, incontinence [a], frequent urination [a], urinary retention [a]
  • Reproductive: dysmenorrhea, excessive vaginal discharge, genital itching [a], testicularitis [b]
  • Lower limbs: medial gastrocnemius myalgia (and spasm [b]), leg cramps, heel pain, inner knee pain [a], inner thigh pain [b]
  • Other: obesity [b], training injuries with pain in the lower body of Region 1 [b]

WAA Lower

Insert the needle at a 5 to 30-degree angle and slowly push the needle forward subcutaneously for 1.5 cun towards the knee, parallel to the leg.

If the problem is distal to the point (for example, on the foot or toes), insert the needle in the opposite direction towards the ankle. In this case, move the insertion point away from the ankle slightly so there's sufficient room to push the needle forward without hurting the joint.

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References for WAA point indications

*Point indication references:

  • Zhang, X. (1991). Wrist and Ankle Acupuncture Therapy (H., Jin, & W., Qiao, Trans.). Journal of Chinese Medicine, 37, 5-14.
  • [a] 张心曙, 凌昌全, 周庆辉 (2002). 实用腕踝针疗法. 人民卫生出版社.
  • [b] 凌昌全,周庆辉,顾伟 (2017). 腕踝针. 上海科学技术出版社.